The "Sacred Lake of the Incas", cradle of South American Indian cultures, contains the most important archaeological complex of pre-Columbian Andes: Tiwanaku, which center then radiated to the islands and shores of the Lake other demonstrations, which have been preserved by a variety of archaeological monuments.
Today, Lake Titicaca, is the setting of living cultures, maintaining its authentic style of community life, keeping harmony with the nature and lacustrine biodiversity, one of the most important wetland ecosystems on the planet, declared by the need to be protected, as a RAMSAR site.
Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world, located over 3,810 meters above sea level and only three hours from the city of La Paz, occupies an area of 8,100 kms. It is of tectonic origin and its depth varies from 150 to 370 meters.
This is also the second largest lake in South America. It is currently shared by Bolivia and Peru.
Around the lake there are archaeological remains of major Andean cultures, like the Tiwanaku civilization (the oldest in South America), the Aymara and Inca, making the lake carry a unique amalgam of different ancestral cultures and modernity.
The lake is the center of Andean mythology since both the Tiwanaku and the Incas, the founders of their civilizations were born in the same lake. For those who can visit the Isla del Sol will surely be brought to the stone that gave rise to all the legends of Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo.
In the lake there is an incredible 'rainbow trout' fishing activity, so any visitor to the nearby cities will be offered a number of dishes based on this fish.
There are a number of legends that circulated around the lake, such as during the Spanish conquest of the Incas, they decided to hide the gold thrown into the lake, in deeper parts. Others argue that some of the sacred rites meant that offerings were thrown into the water, so the lake would be full of untold wealth. Until now nobody succeeded in the search.
Some argue that the etymology of the word Titicaca is "Puma", and that the lake is shaped like this animal, but this is only visible from space. No doubt these conjectures led many to believe that the Incas had been visited by extraterrestrials, and therein lies the wealth.
Copacabana. It is one of the main towns around Lake Titicaca and the capital of the province of Manco Kapac, the department of La Paz (Bolivia). It is located 155 km from the city of La Paz. It is a center of pilgrimage for its Virgin of Copacabana, named after the Hispanization and the pre-Columbian Andean deity "Copakawana", which would be the equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite or Roman Venus.
They worshiped Copakawana so that she would be satisfied and favor them in return with their marriage and fertility blessing. It is for these characteristics that her image was syncretized with the Virgin of the Christian religion, and a Catholic church was built (as in many cases throughout America) on the same spot where their pre-Columbian temple was located.
Isla del Sol o “Isla Titicaca”. Es una isla boliviana situada en el Lago Titicaca perteneciente a la provincia Manco Kapac. Tiene una longitud de 9,6 km por 4,6 km de ancho y una superficie de 14,3 km². Es la isla más grande del lago, su nombre original es Isla Titikaka y por ello el lago donde se encuentra lleva su nombre, que significa la "roca del puma".
Isla del Sol or "Isla Titicaca". It is an bolivian island situated on the Lake Titicaca in the province of Kapac Manco. It has a length of 9.6 kilometers by 4.6 kilometers wide and covers an area of 14.3 km ². It is the largest island in the lake, its original name is Titikaka and therefore the Lake is called the same, which means "rock of the panther."
ISLA DE LA LUNA
Also called Koati Island is an island on Lake Titicaca near the Isla del Sol. It is a small and rugged island, has an area of 105.1 hectares. It features a rugged terrain because of the wind and also for being a plateaued island.
During the Inca Empire they had a temple or palace called Uyo Inac or Palace of the Sun Virgins, inhabited by the so-called Virgins of the Sun, the site was a acllahuasi or house of the chosen, where they would learn the various trades for women , especially knitting, they could become secondary wives of the Inca or be offered as a sacrifice.
ISLA SURIQUI Y KHALAUTA
About 80 km from the city of La Paz you can find the Huatajata population, in the trip you can see the full majesty of the Cordillera Real. Nearby, you can also visit the Suriqui Island, where there is a museum of reed boats. You can performe a motor boat ride on Lake Titicaca, in the direction of Khalauta Island, which is considered a Tiwanaku cemetery.
A pre-Columbian town, built with the noble material of the stone together with mud mortar and thatched roofs. On the cobblestone streets there are rivers with canals that feed the crop terraces of the place, keeping their greenery throughout the year. Visitors can appreciate the technique of the cobblestone used at the time.
Ecotourism Community Entrepreneurship Pacha Chojasivi Aymara. Located in the department of La Paz in the province of "Los Andes" in the municipality of Pucarani in the community of "Chojasivi" in the tourist destination "Lake Titicaca". Shelter, interpretive center, food, local guides, pack animals, porters.
Mysteries is a community tourist product that invites you to discover the mystery of the origin of the Andean manwhich tries to rescue all the historical and cultural background of the lower lake region, from pre-Hispanic times to the present, and the earth, which emphasizes the relationship between man and nature and its cultural connotations for the aymara inhabitant . In this area it is extensively explored the issue of agriculture and the ritual from that relationship.
The product connects five Aymara communities (Pata Patani, Tiraska, Quehuaya, Pariti and Chiripa) living around Lake Titicaca of the department of La Paz in Bolivia, with a way of life based on the community in a single circuit offering different services that complement each other. Each community has specialized in the provision of certain services to be complementary to each other and their natural, cultural and archaeological sites.
Three of the five communities are already operating the product in its first phase, offering food, hiking, boating, visits to museums and archaeological sites and local guides that will make you enjoy a full day package.