The Department of Oruro, home to one of the oldest civilizations of the Americas "The Urus" was one of the most important centers of the 'Audiencia de Charcas', product of the intense mining activity in those days, giving Bolivia and the world the enormous wealth from the bowels of its mountains.
Oruro has been recognized as the Folklore Capital of Bolivia for its majestic Carnival, declared by UNESCO as "Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity".
It has important historical and archaeological sites, majestic colonial churches of great cultural and heritage value, worthy of being visited by tourists worldwide.
SAJAMA NATIONAL PARK
Located at the northwest end of the Oruro Department, in the western side of the Andes, is the first protected area in Bolivia. Its identity is marked by the imposing volcano Mount Sajama which rises to 6542 m (the highest peak in Bolivia). This important territory hosts queñuas forests (trees that grow at higher altitudes in the world), and an important variety of flora and fauna. Complementing the landscape you’ll find beautiful lakes, hot springs, gueisers and chullpares of wonderful color and great cultural value.
CURAHUARA DE CARANGAS
A town on the road to Sajama National Park, has a beautiful and impressive colonial church called "The Sistine Chapel of the Highlands" with stunning murals adorning the interior.
CHIPAYA ETHNIC GROUP
Is one of the oldest cultures of the continent. Uru-origined ethnic group living in the vicinity of the Coipasa saltflats on a plateau 3940 m.a.s.l. Visitors can see its typical circular houses built with "turf", their singular clothing, the plaits on the women's hair and their own enigmatic language.
Located miles from the city of Oruro, birthplace of the President of Bolivia - Juan Evo Morales Ayma.
COIPASA SALT FLATS
Located 225 km from the city of Oruro, it's the second largest saltflat in South America and it's part of the Intersalar Tourist Route. Unique destination in the world that has an inland lake surrounded by towering mountain ranges and forests of cactus that complement the landscape. This beautiful saltflat is called "The Mirror of Heaven".
ALCAYA ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX
This important pre-Columbian citadel is located at the southern end of the department in the vicinity of the Uyuni Saltflats, 287 km from the city of Oruro. Visitors can observe impressive mummies, stone-built circular houses, agricultural terraces and a unique underground cemetery, as well as beautiful pieces of pottery, basketry and pre-Columbian knitting patterns.
LAKE POOPÓ AND THE URUS
The Poopó called "The Navel of the World" is the second largest lake in Bolivia, with an area of 4,250 km2. presents a wonderful landscape with Andean flamingos, wild ducks and other bird species, which is why it was declared a Ramsar site for the quality of habitat for wild species of flora and fauna. Along its banks, ancestral ethnic groups of Uru origin live: Muratos, Llapallapanis and others.
THE LOST ATLANTIS
Located in the town of Pampa Aullagas at the southern end of Lake Poopó, where the investigator Jim Allen has identified according to Plato's descriptions, important buildings of circular canals at the bottom of the main mountain, and others of different path covering the surrounding plateau, leading to the development of this wonderful and mythical civilization.
THE ORURO CARNIVAL
Is a religious festival devoted to the Virgin of the Socavón, tributed with music and dance. This expression of folklore, has its origins in ancient Uru culture and is characterized by its colorful art in the designed costumes and expressions where different cultures converge, rites and traditions of those who participate in this festival, accompanied by the rhythms of bands that make the delight of the audience. This expression of folklore is prepared with much anticipation and countless ceremonies and rituals throughout the year.
The most significant presentation is the pilgrimage on Saturday, when the dancers run through the different streets of the city to the Shrine of Our Lady of the Socavón, where they receive the blessing of the priest and then go on their knees before the statue of the Virgin.
THE DIABLADA, is the emblematic dance in the Oruro Carnival that begins in ancient ancestors and the discovery of the miraculous Virgin of Candelaria in the lair of the notorious thief Nina Nina, as the legend tells. This dance is a representation of the struggle between good and evil.
THE MORENADA, dating back to the slaughter of black slaves in colonial times. On one hand, it is the Aymara satire to this reality and the methods used by the conquistadors in the daily work in the mine and grape stomping by blacks. On the other hand is the melancholy expression of suffering by the abuse they received.
THE CAPORALES, this recently created dance, is the representation and satire of the black slave who had the role of overseer or foreman to suppress their own race and control the daily work.
TINKU (meeting), the essence of this dance is in the bloody fighting between Laimes and Jukumanis, communities through the years took up mittens, slings and used leather hats whose entire model resembles the hull of the Spanish conquistadors.
PUJLLAY, represents the flowering of the fields, the party begins at the ceremony of fertility and it is characterized by its indigenous warrior epic music and dance from the town of Tarabuco.
Other dances that participate in the majestic Oruro Carnival find their diversity in the manifestation of our cultures, represented by the dances such as Ahuatiris, Suri Sicuris, Incas, Kallawayas Doctorcitos, Tarqueada, Kantus, Potolo, Toba, among many others that make this party an exceptional demonstration of culture and folklore.
First city founded by the Spaniards in Bolivia. Its church is declared a national monument, its tower and altarpiece are famous. About 23 kms. from the city, en route to Cochabamba.
THE CARAHUARA DE CARANGAS CHURCH
Near the border with Chile, dating from 1608, covered with two frescoes, these are the oldest frescoes in South America
Hot springs, indoors and private bathrooms in a sector and on the other, has a lap pool. Locate on the road to Cochabamba.
10 kms. from the city of Oruro, near Machacamarca, archeological pieces were found. Bolivia's pre-Columbian times has had in the Oruro region one of its most important cultures, known by the name of culture "Uru - Uro", typified by the production of pottery with zoomorphic and anthropomorphic red sandstone shapes, dating back to 1800 BC. Currently, there are over fifty pieces in the Casa de la Cultura.
TOMARAPI COMMUNITY ENTREPRENEURSHIP
This enterprise is located in the Sajama National Park, in the department of Oruro in the Province of Sajama in the town of Curahuara de Changas.
Services Hosteling, transportation, local guide, meals, visits to cultural and natural sites.
RIO LAUCA ECOTOURISTIC COMMUNITY ENTREPRENEURSHIP
This entrepreneur is located in the department of Oruro, province of Curahuara de Changas. In Sabaya within the tourist destination of “Oruro”. Services Touristic circuit (guides, snacks, meals)